Vicki S. Conn, PhD, RN, FAAN

Vicki-Conn

Associate Dean for Research

Potter-Brinton Professor

E-mail: conn@missouri.edu
Phone: 573.882.0231
Fax: 573.884.4544
Website: Meta-analysis Research Center

S317 Sinclair School of Nursing
University of Missouri
Columbia, MO 65211

Nursing Specialty

Health behavior change, gerontology, meta-analysis research

Interest Area(s)

Health behavior research including exercise and medication adherence behavior among healthy and chronically ill adults. Meta-analysis research to determine the characteristics of the most effective interventions. 

Education

  • BSN, Avila College, Kansas City, Mo.
  • MS(N), University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo.
  • MA, University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo.
  • PhD, University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo.
  • Post-doctorate, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa.

Area of Doctoral Study

Social psychology of health and aging

Area of Post-doctoral Study

Intervention research with aging adults

Program of Research

Dr. Conn conducts primary research and meta-analysis research on interventions to increase exercise behavior and to improve medication adherence. Dr. Conn’s current American Heart Association funded project is a quantitative synthesis of interventions designed to increase medication adherence among adults with hypertension. Her research is routinely published in premier interdisciplinary journals.

Selected Major Prinicpal Investigator Grants and Awards

  • Interdisciplinary Research Training in Health Behavior Science – (T32) National Institute of Nursing Research, 2016-2021, principal investigator
  • Medication adherence interventions that successfully decrease BP – (Grant) American Heart Association, 2013-2015, principal investigator 
  • Meta-analysis of Interventions to Improve Medication Adherence – (R01) National Institutes of Health, $1,787,381, 2010-2014, principal investigator
  • Meta-analysis of Interventions to Increase Exercise/Physical Activity – (R01) National Institutes of Health, $1,687,439, 2006-2010, principal investigator
  • Chronic Disease Exercise Interventions: Meta-analysis – (R01) National Institutes of Health, $896,527, 2002-2007, principal investigator

Selected Publications (last decade)

  • Conn, V., Enriquez, M., Ruppar, T., & Chan, K. (2016). Use of theory in medication adherence intervention studies: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Health Behavior, 40, 155-171.
  • Conn, V., Ruppar, T., Enriquez, M., & Cooper, P. (2016). Patient-centered outcomes of medication adherence interventions: systematic review and meta-analysis. Value in Health, 19, 277-285.
  • Conn, V., Sells, T. (2016). Effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity among minority populations: an umbrella review. Journal of the National Medical Association. 108; 54-68.
  • Conn, V., Ruppar, T., Enriquez, M., & Cooper, P. (2016). Medication adherence interventions that target subjects with adherence problems: systematic review and meta-analysis. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 12, 218-246.
  • Conn, V., Zerwic, J., Jefferson, U., Anderson, C., Killion, C., Smith, C., Cohen, M., Fahrenwald, N., Herrick, L., Topp, R., Benefield, L., Loya, J. (2016). Normalizing rejection. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 38, 137-154.
  • Chase, J., Bogner, J., Ruppar, T., & Conn, V. (2016). The effectiveness of medication adherence interventions among patients with coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 31, 357-366.
  • Enriquez, M. & Conn, V. (2016). Peers as facilitators of medication adherence interventions: a review. Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, 7, 44-55.
  • Abualula, N., Jacobsen, K., Milligan, R., Rodan, M., & Conn, V. (2016). Evaluating diabetes educational interventions with a skill development component in adolescents with type 1 diabetes: a systematic review focusing on quality of life. The Diabetes Educator. 
  • Melynk, B., Orsolini, L., Gawlik, K., Braun, L., Chyun, D., Conn, V., Dunbar-Jacob, J., Lewis, L., Melkus, G., Millan, A., Rice, V., Wilbur, J., Nowlin, S., & Olin, A., (2016). Preventing heart attacks and strokes with the ABCS of Million Hearts: best practice guidelines and national recommendations for clinical practice, education, research and health policy. The Nurse Practitioner, 41(2), 46-53.
  • Conn, V., Ruppar, T., Chase, J., Enriquez, M., & Cooper, P. (2015). Interventions to improve medication adherence in hypertensive patients: systematic review and meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports, 17, 94.
  • Conn, V., Ruppar, T., Enriquez, M., Cooper, P., & Chan, K. (2015). Health care provider targeted interventions to improve medication adherence: systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 69, 889-899.
  • Conn, V., Topp, R., Dunn, S., Hopp, L., Jadack, R., Jansen, D., Jefferson, U., & Moch, S. (2015). Science on a shoestring: building nursing knowledge with limited funding. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 37, 1256-1268.
  • Conn, V., Ruppar, T., Chan, K., Dunbar-Jacob, J., Pepper, G., & de Geest, S. (2015). Packaging interventions to increase medication adherence: systematic review and meta-analysis. Current Medical Research & Opinion, 31, 145-160. PMCID: PMC4562676.
  • Conn, V., Ward, S., Herrick, L., Topp, R., Alexander, G., Anderson, C., Smith, C., Benefield, L., Given, B., Titler, M., Larson, J., Fahrenwald, N., Cogen, M., & Georgensen, S., (2015). Managing opportunities and challenges of co-authorship. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 37, 134-163.
  • Conn, V., Enriquez, M., Ruppar, T., & Chan, K. (2014). Cultural relevance in medication adherence interventions with underrepresented adults: systematic review and meta-analysis of outcomes. Preventive Medicine, 69, 239-247.
  • Conn, V., Chan, K., Banks, J., Ruppar, T., & Scharff, J. (2014). Cultural relevance of physical activity intervention research with underrepresented populations. The International Quarterly of Community Health and Education, 34, 391-414.
  • Conn, V., Koopman, R., Ruppar, T., Phillips, L., Mehr, D., & Hafdahl, A. (2014). Insulin sensitivity following exercise interventions: systematic review and meta-analysis of outcomes among healthy adults. Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, 5, 211-222.
  • Conn, V., Hafdahl, A., Phillips, L., Ruppar, T., & Chase, J. (2014). Impact of physical activity interventions on anthropometric outcomes: systematic review and meta-analyses. Journal of Primary Prevention, 35, 203-215.
  • Ruppar, T., Conn, V., Chase, J., & Phillips, L. (2014). Lipid outcomes from supervised exercise interventions in healthy adults. American Journal of Health Behavior, 38, 823-830.
  • Conn, V., Zerwic, J., Rawl, S., Wyman, J., Larson, J., Anderson, C., Fahrenwald, N., Benefield, L., Cohen, M., Smith,C., Topp, R., & Markis, N. (2014). Strategies for a successful PhD program: words of wisdom from the WJNR editorial board. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 36, 6 – 30.
  • Chase, J. & Conn, V. (2013). Meta-analysis of fitness outcomes from motivational physical activity interventions. Nursing Research, 62, 294-304.
  • Wakefield, B., Boren, B., Groves, P., & Conn, V. (2013). Heart failure care management programs: a review ofstudy interventions and meta-analysis of outcomes. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 28(1):8-19. 
  • Chase, J., Topp, R., Smith, C., Cohen, M., Fahrenwald, N., Zerwic, J., Benefield, L., Anderson, C., & Conn, V. (2013). Time management strategies for research productivity. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 35, 155176.
  • Conn, V., & Armer, J. (2012). Meta-analysis and public policy: Opportunity for nursing impact. Nursing Outlook,60, 297-304. Paper republished in 2012 60th anniversary issue (originally published in 1996).
  • Conn, V., Phillips, L., Ruppar, T., & Chase, J. (2012). Physical activity interventions with healthy minority adults: meta-analysis of behavior and health outcomes. Journal of Health Care for the Poor & Underserved, 23, 59-80.
  • Conn, V., Ruppar, T., Phillips, L., & Chase, J. (2012). Using meta-analyses for comparative effectiveness research. Nursing Outlook, 60, 182-190.PMC3396882
  • Groves, P., Rawl, S., Wurzbach, M., Fahrenwald, N., Cohen, M., Beckett, D., Zerwic, J., Given, B., Algase, D., Alexander, G., & Conn, V. (2012). Secrets of successful short grant applications. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 34, 6-23.
  • Conn, V., Hafdahl, A., & Mehr, D. (2011). Interventions to increase physical activity among healthy adults: meta-analysis of outcomes. American Journal of Public Health, 101, 751-758.
  • Conn, V., & Groves, P. (2011). Protecting the power of interventions through proper reporting. Nursing Outlook, 59,318-325.
  • Conn, V. (2010). Depressive symptom outcomes of physical activity interventions: meta-analysis findings. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 39, 128-138.
  • Conn, V. (2010). Anxiety outcomes of physical activity: meta-analysis of intervention trials. Nursing Research,59,224-231.
  • Conn, V., Hafdahl, A., Cooper, P., Brown, L., & Lusk, S. (2009). Meta-analysis of workplace physical activity interventions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 37, 330-339.
  • Conn, V., Hafdahl, A., Cooper, P., Ruppar, T., Mehr, D., & Russell, C. (2009). Interventions to improve medication adherence among older adults: meta-analysis of adherence outcomes among randomized controlled trials. The Gerontologist, 49, 447-462.
  • Conn, V., Hafdahl, A., Moore, S., Nielsen, P., & Brown, L. (2009). Meta-analysis of interventions to increase physical activity among adults with cardiovascular disease. International Journal of Cardiology, 133, 307-320.
  • Conn, V., Hafdahl, A., & Brown, L. (2009). Meta-analysis of quality-of-life outcomes from physical activity interventions. Nursing Research, 58, 175-183.
  • Conn, V., Hafdahl, A., Brown, S., & Brown, L. (2008). Meta-analysis of patient education interventions to increase physical activity among chronically ill adults. Patient Education and Counseling, 70, 157-172.
  • Conn, V., Hafdahl, A., Mehr, D., LeMaster, J., Brown, S. and Nielsen, P. (2007). Meta-analysis of metabolic effects of interventions to increase exercise among adults with type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia, 50(5):913-21.

Bio and Professional experience

Dr. Conn has directed research activities at Sinclair School of Nursing for over a decade. She is also editor-in-chief of Western Journal of Nursing Research. Dr. Conn has been continuously funded by the National Institutes of Health for her exercise research for many years.

Student Mentoring Projects

  • Loya, J. (2016-2019). Physical activity intervention for Mexican-American adults with type 2 diabetes. National Institute for Nursing Research.
  • Chase, J. (2012-2014). Meta-analysis of interventions to increase physical activity among older adults. Hartford Foundation.
  • Scharff, J. (2012-2015). Worksite physical activity interventions. Jonas Foundation.
  • Chase, J. (2012-2014). Meta-analysis of interventions to increase physical activity among older adults. National Institute of Nursing Research.
  • Ruppar, T. (2007-2009). Medication compliance among older adults. Hartford Foundation. Pre-doctoral fellowship.
  • Russell, C. (2005 – 2007). Medication compliance in older renal transplant patients. Hartford Foundation. Post-doctoral fellowship.
  • Gretebeck, K. (2004–2006). Exercise intervention trial for older adults with heart failure. Claude Pepper Center Junior Faculty Fellowship (National Institute on Aging) at University of Michigan.
  • Cochran, J. (2003–2006). Email intervention to enhance exercise among adults with type 2 diabetes. National Institute of Nursing Research Individual Predoctoral Fellowship.
  • Pomeroy, S. (1999-2002). Church-based intervention to increase rural elders’ exercise. National Institute of Nursing Research Individual Predoctoral Fellowship.
  • Burks, K. (1999-2001). The effect of self-management interventions on older adults with osteoarthritis. Veterans
  • Administration Predoctoral Fellowship.

Presentations and Lectures

  • Conn, V., & Ruppar, T. (2016). Meta-anaylsis of blood pressure outcomes of medication adherence interventions. Council for the Advancement of Nursing Science.
  • Conn, V., Ruppar, T., & Enriquez, M. (2015). Use of Theory in Medication Adherence Intervention Studies: A Meta-Analysis. Midwest Nursing Research Society.
  • Conn, V., & Ruppar, T. (2014). Packaging Interventions to Increase Medication Adherence: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Council for the Advancement of Nursing Science, Washington, D.C.
  • Conn, V., Enriquez, M., & Ruppar, T., (2014). Cultural Relevance in Medication Adherence Interventions with Underrepresented Adultys: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Outcomes. Council for the Advancement of Nursing Science, Washington, D.C.
  • Conn, V., Chase, J., Phillips, L., & Ruppar, T. (2013). Meta-Analyses of Health Outcomes from Supervised Exercise Interventions among Healthy Older Adults. 20th Annual International Association of Geriatrics and Gerontology Scientific Congress. Seoul, Korea. June 2013.
  • Conn, V., Ruppar, T., Phillips, L., & Chase, J. (2012). Meta-analysis of anthropometric outcomes of supervised exercise interventions in healthy adults. 2012 State of the Science Congress on Nursing Research. Council for the Advancement of Nursing Science. Washington, D.C.
  • Conn, V. (2011). Meta-analysis of older adults’ health outcomes from supervised exercise interventions. Physical Activity and Aging International Conference. Athens, Greece.
  • Conn, V. (2011). Physical activity interventions with healthy minority adults: meta-analysis of behavior and health outcomes. Sigma Theta Tau International. Cancun, Mexico.
  • Conn, V., Phillips, L., Ruppar, T., & Chase, J. (2011). Meta-analysis of interventions to increase physical activity among healthy adults. National Institute of Nursing Research Symposium, Washington, D.C.
  • Conn, V., Phillips, L., Ruppar, T. (2011). Meta-analysis CER: moderator analyses to compare interventions to increase physical activity. Council for the Advancement of Nursing Research: Comparative Effectiveness Research. Washington, D.C.
  • Conn, V. (2010). Meta-analysis of interventions to increase physical activity among healthy adults. Council for the Advancement of Nursing Science. Washington, D.C.

Honors and Awards

  • Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN) (2005)
  • Study Section Member and Temporary Member, National Institutes of Health-Nursing Science Adults and Older
  • Citation of Merit from Society of Behavioral Medicine

Memberships

  • American Academy of Nursing (Fellow)
  • American Academy of Health Behavior
  • Editorial Board, Nursing Research, Journal of Gerongolotical Nursing, Research in Gerontological Nursing
  • Midwest Nursing Research Society
  • American Nursing Association